وبلاگ زبان آموزان

آموزش زبان انگلیسی

نویسنده: حبیب الماسیان - ۱۳٩٠/۳/٢٩

 

Have

در زبان انگلیسی برخی از افعال , کاربردهای گسترده و متنوعی دارند  که در مکالمات روزمره نیز بسیار استفاده می شوند . در این  اینجا درباره فعل    Have  نکات بیشتری می آموزیم .

-   Have  بعنوان فعل اصلی یا  (Main Verb)   بکار می رود :

 

Affirmative

negative

 I, we, you, they:

 I have a new guitar.
  I have got a new guitar.(Br )

 I don't have a new guitar.
  I haven't got a new guitar.

 he, she, it:

 He has a new guitar.
  He has got a new guitar. (Br )

 He doesn't have a new    guitar.
  He hasn't got a new guitar.

 

-   گاهی اوقات نیز به عنوان فعل کمکی    (Auxiliary Verb) که  معمولا در زمان حال کامل یا (perfect tense )  استفاده می شود :

 

affirmative

negative

 I, we, you, they:

They have had a nice time.

They haven't had a nice time.

 he, she, it:

He has had a nice time.

 He hasn't had a nice time.

 

    Have to (objective obligation)   و  کاربرد دیگر آن در   این ساختار است

 به معنای مجبور بودن

Look at these examples in the simple tense:

She has to work.

I do not have to see the doctor .

Did you have to go to school ?

  

در یک نگاه کلی به موارد کاربرد این فعل می پردازیم :

 

Example

استفاده / معنی

Use / meaning

She had a shower.

 انجام یک عمل , کار

Actions 

We're having a nice time .

 تجربه

Experience

We had a letter today.

 گرفتن - دریافت

Receive/ Obtain

They have a big house.

 دارایی - مایملک

   Possession

She has a good memory.

 شخصیت

Character

I have a headache.

 حالت و وضعیت ( جسمانی )

States

She has six brothers.

 ارتباط  و نسبت ( خانوادگی , ... )

Relations

I have (got) to go.

 اجبار

Obligations

She had her hair cut.

 علت و سبب

Cause

I had better go .

 اصطلاحات

Idioms

 

برای انجام تمرین به سایت English exercise .com  مراجعه کنید .

 

Special thanks to Andy Hopkins and Jocelyn potter for their nice book :

 Really useful English Verbs

Pearson education limited

 

Other sources for more information :

 

 1.  http://dictionary.reference.com/browse/have

2. Have to

3. http://www.learnenglish.de/grammar/verbtohave.html

 

Good Luck

By : Habib Almasian

www.zabanamozan1.persianblog.ir

 

 




نویسنده: حبیب الماسیان - ۱۳٩٠/۳/٢٤

 

Self esteem

 

"Why would you want to be someone that you are not?

When you could be better by being yourself.

Why pretend to walk in someone else's shoes?

When you have something they haven't got.

Just cheating yourself of the life you have to live

Deprives others of that only which you can give.

But you have much more to offer by being just you.

Trying to live the life of another is a mistake.

It is a masquerade, nothing more than fake."

 

Bintou

 

"Today I will have courage
To do one thing that is new
I will be kind to another
And to myself be true
Today I will remember
The blessings that are mine
I'll live the day with confidence
And for me the sun will shine"

 

(Unknown author)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 




نویسنده: حبیب الماسیان - ۱۳٩٠/۳/۱٢